All You Need to Know About Car Detailing

Car detailing can be defined as the process of makeover of your old car. The process includes a variety of aspects including paint restoration, cleansing interiors, engine refurbishment, wheels care and car’s exterior detailing which transforms it to a new one. It turns into almost the same condition as the new one.

This process is usually performed when you plan to sell your old vehicle, as no one wants to buy a shabby looking car. It is advised by the experts to get the detailing done before putting your car on sale, as it not only imparts a perfect look and finish to your roadster to lure the buyers but also raises the resale cost.

There are many centers for automobile detailing where professionals perform all the necessary tasks to make your car look as beautiful and shiny as the new one. Before hitting these stations you need to know certain things about the services they’ll be offering, so that you know what exactly you’ll be paying for. Here is an article guiding you about the whole process with the points you got to remember whenever you hit any of the detaining stations.

Exterior Detailing

The exteriors are focused on this process to impart shiny, glossy and refreshed look. Various techniques are used in order to achieve the perfect look including washing, polishing and waxing. Special kinds of towels are used to dry the surface and not the usual one. Certified waxes and polishes are applied on the surface to regain the original glow and shine. Windows, headlamps, tail lights, bumpers (both rear and front) are given special treatment to produce the exact look of a new car. Scratch removal is also a part of this process where all kinds of scratches and stains from the car surface are treated by professionals with modern techniques.

Interior Detailing

This stage includes the complete cleaning of the cabin, which includes shampooing of seats, cleaning of foot mats and carpets. Special tools and brushes are used to clean stains on the seats. Dry cleaning of the cabin is preferred over the liquid cleaning.

Paint Protection

Paints are sensitive and are easily affected by the surrounding conditions. The main reason for dullness in the color is pollution and other gases present in the atmosphere. The color on the exterior fades away over time due to many reasons including irregularity in washing, use of cloth which isn’t a recommended one or the use of fake polishes and wax. To overcome all the conditions and generate the original shine, the car undergoes three simple steps, washing, cleansing and polishing.

Engine bay

The engine is the most important part of the vehicle and detailing it is even more important. It can add up the overall detailing cost but it is certainly recommended to get it done.

The Ferrari Dino 246 GT Sports Car

The Ferrari Dino 246 GT – A close look at this classic sports car’s performance, technical data, features, comparing rivals, history, used prices

From Classic to Modern


The Ferrari Dino 206 GT sports car had a short production run of just one year, in which only 152 units were built.

However, although the market was impressed with the styling of the car, there was a call for a version with more performance.

Consequently, in 1969, the two seater, Ferrari Dino 246 fixed head coupe was introduced at the Turin Motor Show.

Furthermore, in 1972 at the Geneva Motor Show, the open top Dino 246 GTS Spyder was added, which featured a removable Targa top.

Once again, Pininfarina was responsible for the car’s styling.

Also, as was the case with the 206 GT, the engines were built by Fiat, and the car was assembled at the Ferrari plant in Maranello.

The “246” weighed 2380 lbs, compared with the 1980 lbs of the “206”, and this was due, in part, to the fact that the body panels of the latter were made of aluminium, whilst those of the former were now constructed of steel, in order to reduce cost.

Also, the wheelbase of the “246” was increased by a further 2.1 inches compared with that of the “206”, although the height remained the same.

Vacuum assisted four wheel vented disc brakes, and all round coil spring independent suspension were retained from the “206”.

By the time production ended in 1974, a total of 2295 units of the Ferrari Dino 246 GT sports car had been built.

Interestingly, three versions of the 246 GT were produced, and designated L, M and E variants:

  • The 357 “L” units built up to mid 1970 used the same wheels with a knock-off spinner as did the 206 GT, plus the addition of small front bumpers
  • The 507 “M” units built between mid 1970 and 1971 used alloy wheels, different wipers, added headrests, and a widening of the rear track
  • The 1431 “E” units built between mid 1971 and 1974 were subject to changes in gearing and fuel supply, whilst right hand drive versions of the car were now made available

Optional extras included flared wheel arches, and seats sourced from the 365 GTB/4 Daytona.

A close competitor of the 246 GT sports car was, at that time, the 2.4 litre Porsche 911S Targa, which was regarded as a touchstone in terms of performance.


The transverse mid-engined Ferrari Dino 246 GT was powered by a 2.4 litre, twin overhead cam V6 unit, with two valves per cyliinder, using an iron block and alloy heads, and with a compression ratio of 9.0:1.

Fitted with a five speed manual gearbox, three twin choke Weber 40 DCNF/6 carburettors, and electronic ignition, it developed 195 bhp at 7600 rpm, and 166 ft/lbs of torque at 5500 rpm.

This produced a top speed of 151 mph, and a 0-60 mph time of 7.5 secs.

However, the version exported to the US underwent certain changes, including the timing, which reduced the output to 175 bhp.

A noteworthy point was that the Dino’s 2.4 litre V6 engine was subsequently used in other Italian sports cars, and in particular the Lancia Stratos.


Close competitors of the Ferrari Dino 246 GT included: Porsche 911S Targa, Series 3 Jaguar E-Type, and Maserati Bora. Ferrari performance:


In terms of the second hand market, a Ferrari Dino 246 GT, in good condition, was sold at auction in the US for $165,000, whilst one in showroom condition fetched a staggering $630,000 at auction.

The Dino was an excellent example of one of the classic cars from Ferrari.

This marks the end of my Review of the Ferrari Dino 246 GT sports car

How Car Tuning Can Help You Boost The Performance Of Your Car

Being a novice car driver you might think car tuning might refer to tuning the sound of your car while you accelerate its speed. This however is true to a certain extent, because improvising the sound of the car while you accelerate its speed is also a part of car tuning, and mainly refers to enhancing the condition of your car’s exhaust system. The main objective of the exhaust system is to exhaust the poisonous gases generated by the engine and improve the performance of the engine, the sound that generates during this process gets deteriorated if the exhaust system of car is damaged. Therefore, when you get the system for exhausting gases repaired or replaced it starts generating the standard sound.

But when someone talks about re-tuning the car tuning of your car he mainly refers to enhancing the performance of your by modifying its various aspects depending upon the requirements of the car owner. As a general practice car tuning is mainly performed on cars which are about eight to nine years older, but interestingly today, even car owners are of new cars are also getting their branded car re-tuned to enjoy its performance.

This might surprise to you, but the cars that are manufactured across the world by different manufacturers are strictly developed according to driving standards determined in each country. As an impact car owners in some countries are not able to enjoy the full potential of their car to its full extent. Therefore, to get rid of this problem they get their car re-tuned according to its determined settings.

Interestingly car tuning is not restricted to only one or two areas, but covers different aspects of the car, including engine, wheels, spoilers, exhaust system, braking, suspension system and even an air conditioner vent. In simple words it can be said there are various components of your car which, if reworked can help in enhancing the performance of the car.

Let us now focus on some of the aspects which could help in improvising the performance of car by tuning it.

Engine: The performance of the engine can be boosted with help of chip that is basically installed in the engine control unit (ECU) of the car. The ECU is mainly placed at the on-board port of the car and by changing its settings or rewriting its program with help of chip the performance of the engine can be improved by enhancing its power and torque generation efficiencies.

Braking system: Once the performance of the engine is enhanced, undoubtedly it will also result in an enhancement in its acceleration power. Interestingly, increase in acceleration means a hike in pickup efficiency of the car, which adversely affects its braking efficiency also. If the braking system of a car is not compatible to the power generation efficiency of an engine, it means an increase in the chances of accidents. Therefore, to make the braking system compatible to the engine it is imperative for you to upgrade the braking system according to the power generation efficiency of your vehicle.

Air filter: Replacing the air filter at regular intervals is helpful in increasing the fuel efficiency of your vehicle to a huge extent and also an easiest method of car tuning process. You can also make use of induction kit for improvising the flow of air in fuel injection system despite of using the standard air box. The induction kit has a pointed filer which is installed directly above the air flow gauge and results in smooth flow of air through the engine, thus enhancing its overall performance.

Exhaust system: It is also one important factor to consider while you plan to tune your car. Installation of powerful exhaust system equipped with strong pipes helps in the exhaust of gases more conveniently and smoothly.

Moving ahead, you can also work on improvising the performance of a car’s suspension system. To make your car compatible to enhanced engine tuning it would be imperative for you to replace the existing suspension system with a new one and also work on replacing the shock absorbers and wheels so that it is easier for drivers to control his vehicle according to newly determined standards.

Marijuana at Home, in the Car, and the Workplace

The movement for the complete legalization of marijuana continues to pass through several stages, from absolute enforcement (Texas), to decriminalization (many states), to medical use only (California and others), to hands-off, do-what-you-want (newly established in Colorado and Washington.) We know from long experience how poorly things turn out whenever the government steps in and prohibits anything that changes the mood, pleasure, or sobriety of its citizens.

When evaluating the societal impact of marijuana versus other stimulants, a common question arises: “Would you rather live next door to 100 pot smokers or one meth user?” And everyone who resides adjacent to the marijuana aficionado knows why he is always the best choice. Pot Guy is stereotypically mellow and quiet, while Meth Man is disruptive, agitated, paranoid, noisy, and invasive of other people’s need for peace. Weed people go to sleep; tweaker people keep you from getting any. It’s tough to get some rest when your neighbor is working on his transmission or sawing metal pipes at 3:00 a.m., Lynyrd Skynyrd music blaring away.

As such, pro-marijuana reform groups often speak to the relative dangers of alcohol, in terms of the overall health risks and behavioral problems, when compared to their drug of choice. Alcohol is labeled by many medical professionals as a whole-body poison (a flavored one, but damaging nonetheless). It affects every organ, starting with the liver and brain, as well as the kidneys, bladder, stomach, and pancreas. The accompanying malevolent behavioral issues tied to alcohol abuse are well-noted and catastrophic, ranging from homicide, suicide, and sexual assault to domestic violence, child abuse, and random or targeted attacks on people who crossed the violent drinker’s path.

Heavy marijuana smokers certainly can’t ignore the impacts on the human brain and body, from depression or memory issues, to lung damage to several forms of cancer. (Inhaling carcinogenic smoke is not the best way to consume anything, hence the evolution toward dosing with marijuana-flavored foods, candy, sauces, etc.)

When I teach my workplace violence prevention programs, we talk about the drugs that tend to be a disinhibitor for violence, with alcohol being Number One. When people ask me if marijuana users can become violent, before I can answer, some wag in the crowd usually shouts, “Not unless they run out!” We all laugh, we agree that marijuana is not a drug that is connected to violence, like booze and stimulants, and we move on.

But while pro-pot people can take the high road (no pun intended) over their alcohol-using counterparts when it comes to violence, or getting behind the wheel of a car loaded on either, the debate as to how much is too much is easy to measure for one and not so for the other.

While the national standard for driving while intoxicated is a blood alcohol level of at least.08, there is no set standard for marijuana use and driving. This is the argument the pro-marijuana lobby has yet to master. How much THC-CCOH (a metabolite in cannabis) in a driver is too much – enough to cause impairment – or too little to make a difference? Some scientific studies are looking at how many nanograms per milliliter of THC-CCOH in the driver’s urine could suggest a standard for impairment, but so far this measurement is too imprecise because it does not consider the user’s driving ability.

Some drinkers can drive relatively safely even at a blood alcohol of.10 (although I certainly wouldn’t ever ride with them), while others might hit five parked cars after only one beer. Body weight, genetic background, tolerance, and drinking experience all play a part in how much impairment is evident, as opposed to only how much is in the blood. Your old Uncle Pete might have been able to put down a quart of scotch a day and keep his job, marriage, driving record, and health intact for 50 years, but you’re not your Uncle Pete.

But for the pot-using driver, what is the “Goldilocks Standard”: too little, too much, or just right, when it comes to THC-COOH? Today, the strength of much of the marijuana grown indoors, with constant hot lights and lots of water, and using new seeds and mixing strains, is eight to ten times more powerful than the pot of twenty to thirty years ago. One hit of smoke from this newer and stronger weed for some drivers could be enough to cause catatonia, hallucinogenic effects, memory, vision, balance, motor skills, and coordination problems. Other people with a lot of pot smoking experience might be able to function fairly effectively (like the longtime drinker who drives, but I’m not still sitting in the passenger seat with the pot user either). Keith Richards has consumed a lot of interesting things in his life and he can still pay a mean guitar after 50 years, but you aren’t Keith Richards.

And how about the workplace and marijuana use? With their medical marijuana cards (MMC) in their hip pockets, some employees in those states that issue them believe they have a free pass when it comes to not passing drug tests for marijuana. Some of these failed drug tests may come during pre-employment screens, post-accident tests, random tests, or tests based on for-cause or “reasonable suspicion.”

“You can’t fire me!” goes their defense, “I have a MMC and I told you I use marijuana medicinally.” Except that the federal standard is that marijuana is still an illegal drug and as such, companies can and do enforce their zero-tolerance policies for employees using alcohol and illegal drugs in their facilities, or while operating their machinery or vehicles, just the same as before.

So until the scientific community comes up with a nationalized standard for what the courts can accept as level of marijuana impairment – below a certain level in your urine is okay to get behind the wheel, above a certain level makes you subject to arrest for being “drunk on drugs” – then the argument for and against Driving on Pot, Enthusiastically (DOPE) will continue.

And until the feds stop their part of the War on Drugs that pertains to marijuana use, sales, cultivation, distribution, possession, growing, etc., then companies will continue to have the right to ask their employees not to use pot at work or come to work high.