Ten Towing Terms (Acronyms) You Need to Know

There are many things to take into consideration when hitching your trailer to your tow vehicle. The following are some common towing terms you need to know when selecting a tow vehicle or purchasing a travel trailer.

GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating)

Maximum allowable weight that a single axle can carry. Do not exceed the gross axle weight rating listed on the trailer’s and tow vehicle’s certification label. It is measured at the tires and includes the weight of the axle, tires, wheels and brakes. Many problems can occur if this weight is exceeded; the tires may not be able to carry the weight possibly resulting in a blow out situation, the vehicle’s steering may become less responsive and the brakes may not be effective. GAWR is listed on a data plate typically located outside near the front of the unit or in some cases it could be inside a cabinet door inside the trailer.

GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight)

How much a vehicle actually weighs. Do not confuse with GVWR. GVW should never surpass GVWR. The trailer weight is not considered to be part of GVW weight, but the tongue weight is part of the GVW.

GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating)

A weight limit set by a manufacturer for a specific vehicle, it is the total weight the vehicle has been designed to carry. GVWR is listed on a data plate typically pasted to inside of driver’s doorframe, it is equal to or greater than the sum of the UVW plus the NCC. There are a few things that can go wrong if you exceed the GVWR; suspension can become ineffective or maybe even break because the added strain on tires, the breaks may not be able to stop the car effectively because of the excessive weight being pulled by tow vehicle.

GTWR (Gross Trailer Weight Rating)

The maximum trailer weight. This weight is located on a metal tag on the trailer frame and is based on the allowable weight of trailer and cargo.

SCWR (Sleeping Capacity Weight Rating)

Weight measurement provided by the manufacturer, determined by multiplying 154 lbs by the number of sleeping capacities in a unit (3 beds X 154 lbs = 462 lbs).

CCC (Cargo Carrying Capacity)

Weight that can be safely added without exceeding a vehicle’s or trailer’s GVWR. It is a weight limit and should not exceed manufacturer’s specifications. Here is how you can calculate CCC: GVWR – UVW – SCWR – Propane Fuel (4.2 lbs/gallon) – Fresh Water Weight (8.3 lbs/gallon) = CCC. If you are not sure of the ccc on a vehicle, ask the dealer or seller for a certified weight slip.

NCC (Net Carrying Capacity)

NCC is being replaced by CCC (see above) in new RV’s. NCC is equal to or less than GVWR minus UVW.

GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)

Gross combination weight rating. Total weight of the tow vehicle, the trailer, all fluids, contents of trailer and vehicle and passengers.

UVW (Unloaded Vehicle Weight)

Weight does not include passengers, cargo, fresh water, LP gas, or dealer installed accessories. Usually found on the inside of a cabinet.

TWL/TLR/VLR (Tongue Weight Load/Tongue Load Rating/Vertical Load Rating)

Amount of trailer’s weight that presses down on the trailer hitch. Too much tongue weight can cause not enough weight on the front wheels of tow vehicle, too little weight can cause the trailer to sway. A weight distribution hitch will solve this problem by transferring weight to the front of the axle of tow vehicle. Look closely at the manufacturer’s trailer towing ball steel strength specifications before buying one or attaching your trailer rig to it.

Mike Tyson and the Infamous Biting of Evander Holyfield’s Ear

The Rise and Fall of Tyson

Mike Tyson shot to fame in the mid-1980s with his formidable and unforgiving boxing style. He became the youngest ever World Heavyweight Champion aged just 19 in 1985 when he beat Trevor Berbick. However after just a few years at the top, a list of things started to go wrong that set the wheels in motion for the downfall of possibly the hardest hitter the boxing world had ever seen. These problems included;

  • Getting a divorced from his actress wife Robin Givens after she accused him of domestic violence
  • Firing and suing his manager
  • Two car accidents, one of which may have been a suicide attempt
  • Leaving his trainer Kevin Rooney and joining with Don King

On February 11, 1990, Tyson lost the heavyweight title to underdog James ‘Buster’ Douglas in a fight he failed to prepare for. A year later, he was accused of raping beauty contestant Desiree Washington, for which he served three years in prison.

Tyson vs. Holyfield – Part One

After his release, Tyson re-gained his titles and planned to fight Evander Holyfield, a retired former champion. On November 9, 1996 the much anticipated fight took place, the huge purse involved tempting Holyfield out of retirement. In the 11 round, underdog Holyfield caused an upset and beat Tyson on a technical knock out to win the WBA version of the title.

Tyson vs. Holyfield – Part Two

A year later on June 28, 1997 the two fighters faced each other in the ring again. Holyfield had prepared hard for the fight and came out in the first round hitting Tyson with an array of body punches, sending his opponent flailing. In the second round Holyfield, no stranger to controversial tactics in the ring, head-butted Tyson causing a cut above his right eye to open.

Holyfield’s tactics got to Tyson and in the third round he lost what little composure he had. He spat out his gum shield, pulled his opponent into him and bit a chunk out of his ear, then dramatically spat the flesh onto the canvas. The fight continued after the wound was cleaned up only for Tyson to go straight in a bite the other ear.

He was disqualified from the match and forfeited the $30 million purse, as well as failing to regain the Heavyweight Championship belt he had lost a year earlier. Despite his pleas that he only did it as a reaction to Holyfield’s consistent head-butting, after the fight Tyson was stripped of his boxing licence, though it was restored only a year later.

The two boxers met once more in 2009 on the Oprah Winfrey Show where Tyson publicly apologized for the incident to Holyfield, who agreed to forgive and forget.

Imagination Is the True Magic Carpet!

“Imagination is the true magic carpet.” – Norman Vincent Peale: was a minister and author of inspirational books

That sounds pretty interesting, doesn’t it: Imagination is the true magic carpet. Do you get those pictures in your mind also of Aladdin, or any kind of Walt Disney movie about magic carpets? Wow, I just did, and you know it is so true what Dr. Peale says here.

Now what does a magic carpet do? What can you do with it? You can travel to wherever you want to do, or you can get whatever you want, just close your eyes and imagine it, and zip, there you go.

Here is the caveat though. Nothing happens until you truly have that picture of what you really, really want crystal clear in the forefront of your mind, you’ve got to see it with such clarity that you can touch it (the steering wheel of your brand new car), you can smell it (the leather of the interior of your brand new car), you can hear it (the soft humming of the engine of your brand new car), you can taste it (your coffee kept warm in that warming cup holder in your brand new car).

All of this sensual experiencing is what you do in your daily meditation – this could be part of your morning ritual or just sitting quietly for 2 minutes – 15 seconds to look at the picture of the car you desire to have and then 1.45 minutes with eyes closed going through the exercise above. You can do this as many times a day as you like – the more you do it, the more serious you are about it, the more powerful your message to the Universe, the faster changes will occur in your life that will enable you to purchase that car.

You see, anything, really anything you see around you, the computer you are reading this message from, the chair you are sitting in etc. etc. etc. literally ANYTHING started in someone’s imagination – someone thought of it and wanted it so badly that they found a way to bring it into being. You can do exactly the same thing.

As a matter of fact – you are a magnificent manifestor already – you just don’t realize it! Anything you have in your life, good or bad, you called it into manifestation at some point in your life; you kept thinking about it, consciously or unconsciously, the latter usually because you “hate something with a passion” when it applies to something you definitely do not want – and guess what, you got it.

I invite you to think today about what you are thinking about. Read that again and think about it, give it some serious thought, because what you want in your life is dependent on how and whether you think about it at all.

“Imagination is the most marvelous, miraculous, inconceivably powerful force known to man on this planet” – Napoleon Hill – Think & Grow Rich.

Food for thought!